January 14 is very auspicious day all across India. No matters which part you belong, you will always been a witness of some finest festivities and celebrations on this day.
The most awaited festival “Makar Sankranti” , because this is also one of the first festival after the beginning of new year. It also marks the beginning of long day and start of vanishing winter days. This is a great festival for Hindus as it marks the Uttarayan period. This Uttarayan period holds the religious significance as it also depicts in the sacred book Mahabharata: the time for which Bhishma Pitama waited to die peacefully. Almost all states in India celebrates this festival with great enthusiasm. Makar Sankranti is celebrated with different names across all India.
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- In north India, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana people called and celebrate it as Maghi.
- In the state of Gujarat Makar Sankranti is celebrated in the form of the convivial kite festival of Uttarayan.
- While Tamil Nadu celebrates it as Thai Pongal
- Andhra Pradesh and Telangana keep the name of Sankranti or Makar Sankranti.
- Makar Sankranti celebration in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana lasts by four days.
From dressing up as mythological characters to distributing sweets and offering prayers in the temples.People in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana indulge in various fun and joyous activities to celebrate this festival. Here is the complete information how the four days of Makar Sankranti are celebrated in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
Day 1 – Bhoghi
Makar Sankranti festival in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana is celebrated with great enthusiasm and first day is called as Bhoghi. On this first day of Makar Sankranti people discard old clothes and items and concentrate on the new beginnings.
During this time , there’s also effect of cold, so people bonfire with logs of wood, other solid fuels and waste wooden furniture is lit at dawn to get the day started. Along disposal of derelict things, it is also believed that old habits,attachment to relations and material things are sacrificed.The ritual is called “Rudra Gita Gyana Yagna” and signifies a sacrifice made to the fire of knowledge called Rudra. It represents the realization, transformation and purification of one’s(persons) soul through the process of inculcating divine virtues. In many families, you will seen or familiar with the old rituals in which infants and children are showered with the Indian jujube fruit called “Regi Pandlu” in Telugu.
This is followed from ancient times and done to protect the children from evil. On the day of bhoghi, landlords give gifts of food, clothes and money to their workforce. Locals prepare and disribute sweets amongst friends and relatives too.
Day 2 – Makara Sankranti
The second day is considered as the most precious day and called as Makara Sankranti. On this day, everyone wears brand new clothes, offers theirs prayers to God.You will amazed to know that,traditional food items are offered on banana leaves to their ancestors who have passed in their family. You will see some stunning creativity on each of the locals door, drawings called “Rangoli” or “muggu” (it is called in Telugu) is drawn . These drawings are further decorated with flowers, colours and small, hand-pressed piles of cow dung, called “gobbemma”.
Chakinalu, Nuvvula Appalu, Gare Appalu or Katte Appalu or karam appalu, Madugulu (Jantikalu), Bellam Appalu, kudumulu, Ariselu, Appalu (a sweet made of jaggery and rice flour) dappalam (a dish made with pumpkin and other vegetables) includes some of the Delicacies which prepared for the festival of Makar Sankranti .
Day 3 – Kanuma
The third day which is very important for the farmers. On this day, farmers which owns cattle, they worship and give honor to their cattle. Respecting their cattle is also indication of prosperity. At ancient times, people measures the wealth of anyone by counting of owing number of cattle.It’s also the main occupation in ancient times. Since, India is agricultural country and mostly people is dependent on agriculture, so people relies heavily on the cattle.
Cows, which holds a great place in family , in respect of religious and symbolic significance in India and Andhra Pradesh and Telangana are no different. During this time, travel is considered to be inappropriate, as it is considered to be a time dedicated to families. Sankranti is a time to demonstrate strong cultural values Kanuma is also a day when gurus seek out their devotees to bestow blessings upon them.
Day 4 — Mukkanuma Makara Sankranti
Last and final day of Makar Sankranti in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana is called Mukkanuma. This helds a great significance by non-vegetarians, mukkanuma(last day of Makar Sankranti) is the day when farmers offer prayers to the natural elements like soil, rain, and fire as they are responsible for the harvest.
Every village have some space which are mainly used for worshiping of the GOD. So, on this day,the village goddesses are offered gifts and a sacrifice which mainly includes animals. Usually, people lives in the nearby town. So,People unite with their families on the village, friends, and relatives and participate in several cultural activities like cock fighting, bullock or ox racing, kite flying, and ram (pottelu) fighting.Children especially love to fly kites during Makar Sankranti. There are various Competition held for flying kites on the occasion in makar Sankranti.